12.4.10 exercise 10: The "si impersonale" and the "si pasivante" with reflexive verbs

In the case of a reflexive verb one si   follows another si, we would get therefore si si. The first si from the si passivante / si impersonale and the second si is the reflexive pronoun. To avoid that si si becomes ci si. This problem can occurre in both cases, in the case of the si passivante and in the case of the si impersonale. (In the case of the si passivante the reflexive pronoun is an direct object, if someone cares about it and want to know it.)

si impersonale
  Ci si lava. <=> One wash oneself.
  si passivante
  Ci si compra una casa. <=> A house is bought. (Literally: A house buys itself for itself.)

This construction, si impersonale / si passivante can be formed with a simple and a compound tense.

simple tense
  Ci si vede nello specchio. <=> One see oneself in the mirror.
  compound tense
  Ci si è visti nello specchio. <=> On has seen oneself in the mirror.

Pay attention to the fact that the ci in ci si is only a reflexive pronoun in the case that the verb is used in a reflexive way. In relationship with a verb that doesn' t have an object (verbs like to go, to spring, to swim) it is a pronominal adverb and used together with a verb that can have a direct AND an indirect object (People buy it for him) it is a direct object.

ci si with a reflexive verb (ci is a reflexive pronoun)
  Ci si lava le mani. <=> One washes onself the hands.
  ci si with a verb, that doesn' t have an object at all (ci is a pronominal adverb)
  Ci si va tutti i giorni. <=> One goes there every day.
  ci si with a verb, that has a direct object as well as an indirect object (ci is a direct object)
  Ci si compra una macchina. <=> One buys a car for us.

exercise 10: Translate these sentences    
  One washed oneself.
  One was mistaken.
  One got aware of.
  One limit oneself to translate the book.
  One asked oneself.
  The right person was approached.
  People married without knowing really why.
  We were given the permission to do it.






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