7.1.2 Position and change of form if there are several personal pronouns

A sentence can have, obviously, a direct and an indirect object and therefore two pronouns as well.

Examples    
  Peter gives Maria the book. <=> He gives it to her. Peter dà a Maria il libro. <=> Glielo da.

If we look at glielo we see three things. First the indirect object / dative (gli) stand before the direct object / accusative (lo), second, the indirect object gli became glie if combined with lo, third the pronouns are combined. The table below shows every possible combination. It is clear that the forms mi / ti / ci / vi / si are indirect objects. These forms can be direct object as well, but in this context they are indirect objects.

  dative accusative Italian
itali. engl.. ital. English combined
mi mir lo (it / him)
la (her)
li (they, pl., masc.)
le (they,pl., masc.)
me lo, me la, me li, me le
ti dir te lo, te la, te li , te le
gli ihm glielo, gliela, glieli, gliele
ci uns ce lo, ce la, ce li, ce le
vi ihr ve lo, ve la, ve li, ve le

  anotations:
1)   Gli + lo / la / li / le is always combined. The others are only combined when added to the infinitive. The dative singular feminine le becomes gli when combined with an accusative, in this case there is no difference between feminine and masculine ( gli lo / le lo => glielo). The same rule applies for le used in the polite form.
  2) Loro is never combined because it stands after the verb (I give it to them => Lo do loro). The verb is behind the direct / indirect object, it is therefore impossible to combine loro with something.

  examples
dative (Maria, singular / feminine), accusative (it, singular / neutral)
I tell it to Maria.
I tell it to her.
Glielo dico.
dative (Pietro, singular / masculine), accusative (the book, singular / masculine)
  I give Pietro a book.
I give it to him.
Glielo regalo.
dative (Pietro, singular / masculine), accusative (the table, singular / feminine)
  I give Pietro the desk.
I give it to him.
Gliela regalo.
dative (Pietro, singular / masculine), accusative (the table, Plural / feminine)
  I give Pietro the desks.
I give it to him.
Gliele regalo.
dative (the children, Plural / masculine), accusative (the apple, Plural / feminine)
  I give the children the apples.
I give it to them.
Gliele do. / (Le do a loro.)
dative (you, singular), accusative (es, singular / neutral)
  I can't say it to you.
Non posso dirtelo.
dative (the women, Plural / feminine), accusative (the book, singular / masculine)
  I don't want to give the book to the women.
I don't want to give it to them.
Non voglio regalarglielo. / (Non voglio regalarlo a loro.)
dative (the men, Plural / feminine), accusative (the car, Plural / feminine)
  I don't have to give the car to the men.
I don't want to give it to them.
Non devo regalargliele. / (Non devo regalarle a loro.)






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