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  13.6.14 exercise 14: same subject / different subject

We have already said that the gerundio is infinite, has not a subject itself, it is therefore not clear who is the executor of the action described by the gerundio or, in case of a passive gerundio, the goal of this action. Therefore the gerundio normally shares his subject with the infinite verb. About the exception to this rule we will speak in the next exercise.

Decide in the following sentences if a translation with a gerundio is possible or not and translate the sentences with a gerundio, if possible, or with a subordinate clause, if that is not possible.

gp = gerundio possible
gerundio not possible = gnp

temporal clause gp  gnp
  After he had told me that I was really deceived.
  After he had told me that he went away. ?  
causal clause gp gnp
Because he was not able to open the door with the key he broke it down.
   modal clause gp gnp
  They got access by having the door opened by the police. ?  
  By opening the door with the stolen key he got access to the house. ?  
   concessive clause gp gnp
  Although he knew that he was drunken he tried to drive. ?  
  Although they knew that he was drunken they made him sign the contract. ?  
   conditional clause gp gnp
  If he paid more attention to what the others say to him he could avoid a lot of mistakes. ?  
  If they paid more attention, I could sleep more peacefully. ?  

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