|13.6.1 exercise 1:Adjective or adverbial adjunct|
used as adjective => The laughing man crossed the street.
used as adverb => Laughing the man crossed the street.
The Italian gerundio, like the present participle, can substitute a subordinate sentence (Avendo capito ciò che voleva gli ho dato i soldi <=> Having understood what he wanted, I gave him the money) and can be used as well as an adverb (Fumando leggeva un libro <=> Smoking he read a book) but can never be used as an adjective.
Decide in the following sentences if the present participle is used as an adjective or as an adverb. Only in the case that the present participle is used as an adverb it can be translated with a gerundio.
adjective = adj.
adverbe = adv.
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