15.3.10 prepositions in - 2


summary

in entro tra / fra dentro
  temporal in in (before) after ---
  local towards, to --* between in, inside (pronominal adverb)

* Entro is rarely used to describe spatial relationships

  examples
Viene in un' ora.
  Viene entro un' ora.
  => He comes in (less than) one hour.
  Viene tra / fra un' ora.
  => He comes in (after) one hour.
  I bambini stanno giocando nel giardino.
  => The children are playing in the garden.
wrong (because they are not really inside): I bambini stanno giocando dentro del giardino.

in / dentro

As a pronoun dentro as well as in can be used if the translation with inside is possible.

  examples
Dentro il Partito della Democrazia Cristiana le minoranze contavano come le maggioranze.
  Nel Partito della Democrazia Cristiana le minoranze contavano come le maggioranze.
  Inside the party of the christian democrats the minorities counted as much as the mayorities.
   

If in English inside cannot be used in Italian only in is correct.

  examples
In Inghilterra si parla inglese.
  wrong: Dentro di Inghilterra si parla inglese.
  => In England we speak English.






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