|16.4 concessive conjunctions|
He has no money, nevertheless he bought a car.
This is not to be confused with an adversative clause. In the case of an adversative clause the action / event of the main clause is impeded by the action / event described in the adversative clause.
He has no money and therefore he couldn' t go on holiday.
If you speak Spanish you can have a little problem concerning the use of the subjunctive / congiuntivo after concessive conjunctions.
In Spanish the concessive conjunctions are divided in two groups. To the first group belongs all the conjunctions which describes a real situation, to the second group belongs all the conjunctions which describes a hypothetical situation.
Although he has no money, he is happy.
Even if he had money, he wouldn' t be happy.
In Spanish we use in the case of a real situation the indicative. In the case of a hypothetical situation the subjunctive. This distinctions is NOT made nor in French, nor in Italian. ALL concessive conjugations requires the conjunctive / subjunctive in Italian. You may think that the Spanish system is more logical, because in Spanish only in the case of a hypothetic constellation the subjunctive is used and very likely you are right but the Italians use the congiuntivo anyway in both cases.
In the table below you find two groups, the although group, where you will find all the conjunctions which describes a real situation and the even if group, where you will find all the conjunctions that describes a hypothetical situation, but in both cases in Italian the congiuntivo / subjunctive is to be used.
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