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  17.5.7 sotto = under, underneath

You may be induced to believe that sotto / under is similar to sopra / on and that there is no difference between the preposition and the adverb as well, but that's not the case. To underneath, the pronominal adverb, corresponds giù and to under, the preposition, corresponds sotto.

Mettilo sotto il libro.
  Put it under the book.  
pronominal adverb
  Mettilo giù.
Put it underneath.

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