table of content chapter 1818.5.5 exercise 5

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chapter 18: sequence of tenses

  18.5.5 exercise 5: sequence of tenses with verbs which requires the indicativo
 

We have already said the reported speech is nothing special although all grammar books dedicate a separate chapter to the reported speech. Actually the reported speech is only a special case of the sequence of tenses. Someone tells / told what someone else tells or told. The crucial point is the fact that the anchor around which the actions / events are to be arranged is the moment where someone tells / told something and not the moment where someone reports what the other one tells / told.

Normally the introductory verb requires the subjunctive. In this exercise we have only sentences which require the indicative. Besides the verbs of the reported speech like to say, to tell, to report etc. some verbs like to know requires the indicative as well.

exercise 5
  anteriority
  Lui dice che lei non .
  He says that she has come.
  simultanity
  Lui dice che lei non .
  He says that she comes.
posteriority
  Lui dice che lei non .
  He says that she will come.
  anteriority
  Lui disse che non .
  He said, that she had not come.
  simultanity
  Lui disse che non .
  He said, that she didn' t come.
  posteriority
  Lui disse che non .
  He said that she would come.
  anteriority
  Lui sa che l' .
  He knows, that we have bought it.
  simultanity
  Lui sa che lo .
  He knows, that we buy it.
  posteriority
  Lui sa che lo .
  He knows that we will buy it.
  anteriority
  Lui sapeva che l' .
  He knew that we bought it.
  simultanity
  Lui sapeva che lo .
  He knew, that we had bought it.
posteriority
  Lui sapeva che lo .
  He knew, that we would buy it.
 
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