9.4.6 exercise 6:

Once again a summary of the rules: Reflexive verbs are conjugated with essere, up to here nothing really complicated. The situation changes if there is a modal verb because if there is modal verb there is an infinitive as well and so you can put the reflexive pronoun in front of the first conjugated verb or you can add to the infinitive. If the reflexive pronoun is in front of the first conjugated verb the verb is conjugated with essere. But if the reflexive pronoun is added to the infinitiv, the auxiliary verb to be used, essere or avere, depends on the main verb (the infinitive in this case). If the main verb is conjugated normally with essere, it is conjugated with essere otherwise with avere.

  exercise 6: Decide in the following sentences whether to use essere or avere
Lui si potuto permettere questo scherzo.
He could allow himself the luxury of doing so.
  potuto permettersi questo scherzo.
He could allow himself the luxury of doing so.
  Non si potuto vedere nello specchio.
She couldn' t see herself in the mirror.
  Mi dovuto lavare.
I had to wash myself.
  dovuto lavarmi.
I had to wash mayself.
  dovuto partire.
I had to go.
  partito.
I left.
  Mi voluto comprare una macchina.
I wanted to buy myself a car.
  voluto comprarmi una macchina.
I wanted to buy myself a car.
  dovuto venire alle tre e mezza.
He must come at three o' clock.
  venuto alle tre e mezza.
He has arrived at half past three.
 
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