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  2.26.2 Accent marks to indicate the word stress


Everyone who has ever seen an Italian text knows that there are exceptions to what has been said before. There are a few cases where the accent is mandatory. If the word stress falls on the last syllable the accent is mandatory and in that case there is even a distinction between a closed and an open o (see 2.17 The 'o') and an open and close e (see 2.7 The 'e').

If the last syllable is a closed e (as in the English words end, expression) than an accento acuto (what is called in French accent d' aigu) is mandatory: é.
closed e
  perché = why
  affinché = in order to

If the word stress is on the last syllable and the word ends with an open e an accento grave is mandatory.

open e
  caffè = coffee

If the word stress is on the last syllable and the word ends with an o it is always an open o, an o pronounced without rounding the lips, and an accento grave is mandatory.

open o
  però = but
  comprò = he bought (the passato remoto doesn' t correspond to the simple past)


other words with the words stress on the last syllable
  capacità = ability
  possibilità = possibility





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